Begonia is a plant loved by many plant breeders due to its colorful and cheerful flowers, and it also offers multiple possibilities of propagation either by sowing, by dividing tubers or by seeds.
In this article I will present you the best ways to propagate begonia for you to enjoy its joyful blooming flowers.
Begonia seeds are small and they are sown in well sheltered places at the beginning of the year, in January-February and, the best thing is that they will bloom in the same year they are planted.
If the temperature at which seeds are germinated is somewhere above 71.6-73.4 degrees, the plantlets will appear in about two weeks. In the first phase, Begonia grows very slowly and you don’t have to move it into a larger pot too soon. Within 4 months and a half, after the first leaflets appear, Begonia will be re-potted approximately 4 times until it will stay in a 15 cm pot, where it will stay until the next year.
Propagation by cuttings
To multiply Begonia, you will have to force the tubers to start their vegetation period. Proceed as if you rooted them normally, by burying three quarters of the tubers. You have to use fibrous peat, and keep in mind that this operation must be done in January.
Be careful that the temperature not to drop below 68 degrees for the tubers to grow properly. Spray to maintain high humidity. When they have 2-3 foliage, they must be carefully removed from the tuber. The bud is harvested together with a small piece of tuber – it’s called cutting with hedges. Then put it in a mixture of peat and pearl. The cuttings will give roots in two weeks
Multiplication by dividing the tubers
Tubers have more buds on their surface. The division of the tuber is done in such a way that each resulting division to have at least one bud from which the future plant will develop.
!!! This procedure is done at the end of vegetative rest.
After cutting with a well-sharpened and disinfected cutter, pass the resulting divisions through vegetal coal dust to reduce the risk of contamination with pathogens.
Plant the pieces of tubers in small pots, and then move them in 15 cm (diameter) pots.
Another propagation method is the one through leaf cuttings, but given its complexity, I will write another article for that. So, stay tuned!
Image Credits: Gapphotos