Saintpaulia violets come from East Africa. They have such an amazing colored flowers, but like any other plant, have its flaws, and these flaws can be combated with some good-to-know tricks.
The Saintpaulia species has herbaceous plants, almost stem-free or with very short, fleshy, pubescent, vivacious stems.
The leaves are long-ribbed and fleshy, often forming a rosette, while the flowers are blue-violet with a short-flowered tube. The fruit is a capsule, usually elongated, with two loose tufts and small seeds.
Saintpaulia violet – the small plant
It’s a small plant (3.1-7.8 inch wide) with long-ribbed green leaves on the top, and brown on the bottom. The leaves are clustered in rosettes with a hairy aspect.
Simple or double, the flowers can be colored in white, pink, blue and purple, and they bloom from spring to late autumn.
It’s one of the most-wanted houseplants.
It’s better to place them to a north-faced window, where they receive light but not direct sunlight.
!!! In spring, for 1 month, it’s good to give them a weekly fertilizer when you do the watering.
In order to ensure optimum flowering, it’s good to trim the leaves in the middle to allow the light to penetrate, thus favoring the appearance of buds.
To bloom it shouldn’t be placed in large pots. Another important thing is to use a soft brush to dust the plant’s leaves, because they are a dust magnet due to those hairy leaves.
Parma Violets (Saintpaulia) loves constant temperature between 68-75.2 degrees, and you should keep in mind that below 53.6 degrees the plant dies while a temperature over 86 degrees is annoying, leading to plant’s death.
Never water the plant on its leaves, just pour it as such in the pot, around the plant’s root. Another option is to put the pot in a larger pot filled with water.
Parma violet (Saintpaulia) propagates both autonomic or by dividing bushes, leaf, cuttings and seeds.
Multiplication by dividing is done when the leaves have become very dense.
Remove the plants from the pots and separate them from the leaf rosettes, planting each rosette in another pot of 1.9-2.7 inch in diameter. It has the advantage of a faster flowering (around 2 months).
Multiplication by leaf cuttings is done by cutting leaves with petiole 0.3-0.7 inch and rooted in heated substrate (69.8-71.6 ° F) made of peat and perlite or peat and sand in a ratio of 1: 1.
The rooting occurs in about 21 days.
Diseases and pests
Parma Violets (Saintpaulia) may have diseases such as redness or red rot.
Among the pests, Parma Violet is attacked by leaf lice.
To prevent this from happening, change the soil every 6 months.
Image Credits: Bhg